According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), peace is an order for the implementation of all human rights.(1) Individuals subjected to violence, oppression and war cannot completely enjoy all dimensions of human rights.(2) Thus, it seems that the realization of the ‘right to peace’ that is another term for ‘freedom from fear’ is crucial for the full enjoyment of human rights.

The current world crises such as Syria civil war; the terrorist activities of ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and Levant); Boko Haram terrorist movement; and the 2014-15 Russia-Ukraine armed conflict demonstrate that a vast part of the global population live in fear of war and terrorism. The terrorist event of Charlie Hebdo in Paris (2015) showed that the deterrence measures in Europe are not sufficient to provide people with freedom from fear. Therefore, more concentration on the promotion of ‘freedom from fear’ or ‘right to peace’ is highly demanded.